Rugby is a field sport played by two teams of 15 players each that compete over the number of points scored by placing a ball in the opponent’s “in-goal” area. The team in possession of the ball (the attacking team) tries to move the ball up the field towards and past the opponent’s goal line, but cannot do so by throwing it in forward direction. Although the ball can never be passed forward, the players can run forward carrying the ball or kick the ball forward and chase it. So all the 15 players in the attacking team must work together to move the ball forward by basically passing it to the same team player behind. This is why rugby can be conceived as a sort of “turf war” where the team on the offensive seeks to expand its own territory by moving the ball forward through various tactics, while the team on the defensive strives to block the attacking team and stop the ball from getting any closer to its goal line. The player who manages to carry the ball past the opponent’s goal line contributes directly to the team by scoring points. But he never takes all the credit for this achievement, based on the strong belief that this could not have been possible without the cooperation of other 14 teammates playing on the field. This is the spirit of “One for all, all for one” that all rugger men value highly and always share with their team.

Field of Rules

Point 1

There are four ways of scoring points. The number of points that can be scored by:

(1) A try is 5 points
(2) A successful conversion kick after the try is an additional 2 points
(3) A successful penalty goal is 3 points
(4) A successful drop goal is 3 points.

Point 2

The ball can never be passed or thrown in forward direction.

To pass a ball to a teammate, the player can only throw the ball when he is along or behind an imaginary line running parallel to the dead-ball line. To move the ball forward, the player can only kick or carry it in forward direction.

Point 3

The players who want to prevent the ball from coming closer to their team's goal line can tackle at the player in the other team who is carrying the ball. Tackle is only allowed to the player who is in possession of the ball.

Point 4

Scrum is a means of restarting play after a minor infringement. (Scrum is formed by the players in the forward pack, known as Forwards.)
(フォワード選手たちによって形成)

Point 5

Lineout is a means of restarting play after the ball has been knocked or kicked out of play past the touchline. (Lineout is formed by the players in the forward pack, known as Forwards.)

Point 6

In order to pass or break through the defense line of the opposing team, various types of pickoff plays may be executed in combination with other tactics applied for backline attacks.

Point 7

After a serious foul, the kicker may choose to aim at scoring a penalty goal, if the distance from the opponent’s goal post is close enough

Point 8

After the referee calls “no side” (or “full time”) at the end of the match, the players of both teams leave behind the fierce rivalry shown throughout the game and complement each other’s great performance in a friendly atmosphere.